BrlAPI  0.6
Data Structures | Macros | Enumerations | Functions
Reading key presses

How to read key presses from the braille terminal. More...

Data Structures

struct  brlapi_expandedKeyCode_t
 
struct  brlapi_describedKeyCode_t
 
struct  brlapi_range_t
 

Macros

#define brlapi_ignoreAllKeys()   brlapi_ignoreKeys(brlapi_rangeType_all, NULL, 0)
 
#define brlapi_acceptAllKeys()   brlapi_acceptKeys(brlapi_rangeType_all, NULL, 0)
 
#define BRLAPI_UC_ROW   0x2800UL
 
#define brlapi__ignoreAllKeys(handle)   brlapi__ignoreKeys(handle, brlapi_rangeType_all, NULL, 0)
 
#define brlapi__acceptAllKeys(handle)   brlapi__acceptKeys(handle, brlapi_rangeType_all, NULL, 0)
 

Enumerations

enum  brlapi_rangeType_t {
  brlapi_rangeType_all, brlapi_rangeType_type, brlapi_rangeType_command, brlapi_rangeType_key,
  brlapi_rangeType_code
}
 

Functions

int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_expandKeyCode (brlapi_keyCode_t code, brlapi_expandedKeyCode_t *expansion)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_describeKeyCode (brlapi_keyCode_t code, brlapi_describedKeyCode_t *description)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_readKey (int wait, brlapi_keyCode_t *code)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__readKey (brlapi_handle_t *handle, int wait, brlapi_keyCode_t *code)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_ignoreKeys (brlapi_rangeType_t type, const brlapi_keyCode_t keys[], unsigned int count)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__ignoreKeys (brlapi_handle_t *handle, brlapi_rangeType_t type, const brlapi_keyCode_t keys[], unsigned int count)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_acceptKeys (brlapi_rangeType_t type, const brlapi_keyCode_t keys[], unsigned int count)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__acceptKeys (brlapi_handle_t *handle, brlapi_rangeType_t type, const brlapi_keyCode_t keys[], unsigned int count)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__ignoreAllKeys (brlapi_handle_t *handle)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__acceptAllKeys (brlapi_handle_t *handle)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_ignoreKeyRanges (brlapi_range_t ranges[], unsigned int count)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__ignoreKeyRanges (brlapi_handle_t *handle, brlapi_range_t ranges[], unsigned int count)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_acceptKeyRanges (brlapi_range_t ranges[], unsigned int count)
 
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__acceptKeyRanges (brlapi_handle_t *handle, brlapi_range_t ranges[], unsigned int count)
 

Detailed Description

Once brlapi_enterTtyMode() has been called, the application can call brlapi_readKey() to read key presses. Either key codes (see Types and Defines fore BrlAPI Key Codes) or commands will be returned, depending on parameters given to brlapi_enterTtyMode().

Key presses are buffered, so that calling brlapi_readKey() in non-blocking mode from time to time should suffice.

Macro Definition Documentation

#define brlapi__acceptAllKeys (   handle)    brlapi__acceptKeys(handle, brlapi_rangeType_all, NULL, 0)
#define brlapi__ignoreAllKeys (   handle)    brlapi__ignoreKeys(handle, brlapi_rangeType_all, NULL, 0)
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_acceptAllKeys (   void)    brlapi_acceptKeys(brlapi_rangeType_all, NULL, 0)

Accept all key presses from the braille keyboard

This function asks the server to give all keys to the application, and not give them to brltty.

Warning: after calling this function, make sure to call brlapi_ignoreKeys() for ignoring important keys like BRL_CMD_SWITCHVT_PREV/NEXT and such.

int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_ignoreAllKeys (   void)    brlapi_ignoreKeys(brlapi_rangeType_all, NULL, 0)

Ignore all key presses from the braille keyboard

This function asks the server to give all keys to brltty, rather than returning them to the application via brlapi_readKey().

#define BRLAPI_UC_ROW   0x2800UL

Unicode braille row

Enumeration Type Documentation

types of key ranges

Enumerator
brlapi_rangeType_all 

all keys, code must be 0

brlapi_rangeType_type 

all keys of a given type

brlapi_rangeType_command 

all keys of a given command block, i.e. matching the key type and command parts

brlapi_rangeType_key 

a given key with any flags

brlapi_rangeType_code 

a given key code

Function Documentation

int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__acceptAllKeys ( brlapi_handle_t handle)
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__acceptKeyRanges ( brlapi_handle_t handle,
brlapi_range_t  ranges[],
unsigned int  count 
)
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__acceptKeys ( brlapi_handle_t handle,
brlapi_rangeType_t  type,
const brlapi_keyCode_t  keys[],
unsigned int  count 
)
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__ignoreAllKeys ( brlapi_handle_t handle)
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__ignoreKeyRanges ( brlapi_handle_t handle,
brlapi_range_t  ranges[],
unsigned int  count 
)
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__ignoreKeys ( brlapi_handle_t handle,
brlapi_rangeType_t  type,
const brlapi_keyCode_t  keys[],
unsigned int  count 
)
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi__readKey ( brlapi_handle_t handle,
int  wait,
brlapi_keyCode_t code 
)
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_acceptKeyRanges ( brlapi_range_t  ranges[],
unsigned int  count 
)

Accept some key presses from the braille keyboard

This function asks the server to return the provided key ranges (inclusive) to the application, and not give them to brltty.

Parameters
rangeskey ranges, which are inclusive
countnumber of ranges
Note
The given codes should be raw keycodes (i.e. some driver name was given to brlapi_enterTtyMode())
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_acceptKeys ( brlapi_rangeType_t  type,
const brlapi_keyCode_t  keys[],
unsigned int  count 
)

Accept some key presses from the braille keyboard

This function asks the server to give the provided keys to the application, and not give them to brltty.

Parameters
typetype of keys to be ignored
keysarray of keys to be ignored
countnumber of keys
Note
The given codes should be brltty commands (NULL or "" was given to brlapi_enterTtyMode())
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_describeKeyCode ( brlapi_keyCode_t  code,
brlapi_describedKeyCode_t description 
)

Describe the components of a key code.

Parameters
codethe keycode to be described
descriptionpointer to the structure that receives the description
Returns
0 on success, -1 on error
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_expandKeyCode ( brlapi_keyCode_t  code,
brlapi_expandedKeyCode_t expansion 
)

Expand the components of a key code

Parameters
codethe key code to be expanded
expansionpointer to the structure that receives the components
Returns
0 on success, -1 on error
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_ignoreKeyRanges ( brlapi_range_t  ranges[],
unsigned int  count 
)

Ignore some key presses from the braille keyboard

This function asks the server to give the provided key ranges to brltty, rather than returning them to the application via brlapi_readKey().

Parameters
rangeskey ranges, which are inclusive
countnumber of ranges
Note
The given codes should be raw keycodes (i.e. some driver name was given to brlapi_enterTtyMode())
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_ignoreKeys ( brlapi_rangeType_t  type,
const brlapi_keyCode_t  keys[],
unsigned int  count 
)

Ignore some key presses from the braille keyboard

This function asks the server to give the provided keys to brltty, rather than returning them to the application via brlapi_readKey().

Parameters
typetype of keys to be ignored
keysarray of keys to be ignored
countnumber of keys
Note
The given codes should be brltty commands (NULL or "" was given to brlapi_enterTtyMode())
int BRLAPI_STDCALL brlapi_readKey ( int  wait,
brlapi_keyCode_t code 
)

Read a key from the braille keyboard

This function returns one key press's code.

If NULL or "" was given to brlapi_enterTtyMode(), a brltty command is returned, as described in the documentation for brlapi_keyCode_t . It is hence pretty driver-independent, and should be used by default when no other option is possible.

By default, all commands but those which restart drivers and switch virtual terminals are returned to the application and not to brltty. If the application doesn't want to see some command events, it should call brlapi_ignoreKeys()

If some driver name was given to brlapi_enterTtyMode(), a raw keycode is returned, as specified by the terminal driver, usually in <brltty/brldefs-xy> where xy is the driver's code. It generally corresponds to the very code that the terminal tells to the driver. This should only be used by applications which are dedicated to a particular braille terminal. Hence, checking the terminal type thanks to a call to brlapi_getDriverName() before getting tty control is a pretty good idea.

By default, all the keypresses will be passed to the client, none will go through brltty, so the application will have to handle console switching itself for instance.

Parameters
waittells whether the call should block until a key is pressed (1) or should only probe key presses (0);
codeholds the key code if a key press is indeed read.
Returns
-1 on error or signal interrupt and *code is then undefined, 0 if block was 0 and no key was pressed so far, or 1 and *code holds the key code.

Programming hints:

If your application is only driven by braille command keypresses, you can just call brlapi_readKey(1, &code) so that it keeps blocking, waiting for keypresses.

Else, you'll probably want to use the file descriptor returned by brlapi_openConnection() in your "big polling loop". For instance:

  • in a select() loop, just add it to the readfds and exceptfds file descriptor sets;
  • in a gtk or atspi application, use g_io_add_watch(fileDescriptor, G_IO_IN|G_IO_ERR|G_IO_HUP, f, data) for adding a callback called f;
  • in an Xt/Xaw/motif-based application, use XtAppAddInput(app_context, fileDescriptor, XtInputReadMask|XtInputExceptMask, f, data)
  • etc.

and then, when you detect inbound trafic on the file descriptor, do something like this:

while (brlapi_readKey(0, &code) { // process keycode code // ... }

The while loop is needed for processing all pending key presses, else some of them may be left in libbrlapi's internal key buffer and you wouldn't get them immediately.

Note
If the read is interrupted by a signal, brlapi_readKey() will return -1, brlapi_errno will be BRLAPI_ERROR_LIBCERR and errno will be EINTR.